CG Board Class 7 History The Period of Revolts and Rebellions Textbook Exercises which includes Fill in the blanks, Question Answers and Extra Question and Answers from the Chapter.
Which of the following statements are true or false:
- Aurangzeb’s descendents were powerful kings. [False]
- Maratha amirs held high positions in the kingdoms of Bijapur and Golconda.[True]
- Shah Jahan’s sons began fighting among themselves the moment he fell ill.[True]
- The Mughal Empire was not expanded much during Aurangzeb’s rule.[False]
- The Bundelas living near Mathura revolted against Aurangzeb.[True]
Answer the following questions:
Descibe in your own words the two major problems faced by Aurangzeb.
Two major problems faced by Aurangzeb were the revolt of peasants and zamindars due to increasing tax burdens and the shortage of jagirs to distribute among his officials.
What steps did Aurangzeb take to solve the problem of a shortage of jagirs?
To solve the problem of lack of jagirs, Aurangzeb attempted to expand his empire by annexing neighboring states and distributing jagirs to the officials of the newly conquered areas.
How was the Maratha army able to defeat the Mughals?
The Maratha army defeated the Mughals by adopting guerrilla warfare tactics, launching rapid raids on the Mughal army and retreating to the safety of the mountains after inflicting heavy losses on the Mughals.
Would you hold Aurangzeb responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire ? Why?
Whether one holds Aurangzeb responsible for the decline of the Mughal Empire or not is a matter of historical interpretation. Some argue that his policies, such as religious intolerance and excessive expansion, contributed to the empire’s decline, while others point to broader historical and economic factors that played a role.