Class 8 establishment of republic india Textbook Exercises This page includes Fill in the Blanks, Questions and Answers, as well as Additional Questions and Answers for the chapter.
Fill in the blanks-
1. Handing over of power of attorney related with the assembly of three British Ministers is
known as _________________.[Cabinet Mission]
2. Interim Government at the centre was formed under the leadership of _______.[Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.]
3. Constituent Assembly (constitution forming assembly) was presidented by ______________. [Dr. Rajendra Prasad.]
4. President of constitutional structural assembly was______________.[Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar]
5. Who was the Prime Minister of England during the Independence of
6. Who was the last viceroy of Britishers in India _________________[Lord Mountbatten]
7. Who was the first Governor General of independent India______________.[Lord Mountbatten]
8. Who was the first Prime Minister of Independent India_______________.[Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru]
9. Who was called ‘The Iron man’ of India _____________________.[Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel]
Match the following – [solved]
Straight action day – 19 August 1946
Independence day – 15 August 1947
Last form of structure of Constitution – 26 November 1949
Republic day – 26 January 1950
Write in correct order the incidents occurred and policies taken :- Mountbatton policy, Cabinet Mission policy, Indian Independence act.
The correct order of the incidents and policies is as follows:
Cabinet Mission Policy
Indian Independence Act
Answer the following questions in 2-3 lines
1. What is Cabinet mission?
The Cabinet Mission was a group of three ministers from Britain sent to India in 1946 to propose a plan for its constitutional future and the transfer of power.
2. How is the interim government formed?
The interim government was formed in India under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru after consultations between Indian leaders and the British, as proposed by the Cabinet Mission, to facilitate the transition to independence.
3. What was Mountbatton policy?
The Mountbatten Policy was the proposal by Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, suggesting the partition of India into two independent nations, India and Pakistan.
4. What is Indian Independence act?
The Indian Independence Act was the legislation passed by the British Parliament in 1947 that resulted in India’s independence and the creation of two separate nations, India and Pakistan.
5. Why did assimilation of Indian provinces take place?
The assimilation of Indian provinces took place primarily to integrate the princely states with either India or Pakistan after India gained independence from British colonial rule. These princely states were semi-autonomous regions that were not directly governed by the British.
6. In which conditions was Indian constitution established?
Indian Constitution was established under following Conditions :
- Post-independence turmoil after partition.
- Managing diverse cultural, linguistic, and religious diversity.
- Need for inclusivity and equality for all citizens.
- Framing a democratic system to represent the will of the people.
- Setting a vision for the nation’s future development and governance.
- Transforming governance inherited from colonial rule.
Write short notes in 5-6 lines
1. Straight Action of league
During the formation of the interim government. There was a demand by the Muslim League for the creation of a new country named Pakistan.
In order to achieve this, the Muslim League announced that 19 August 1946 would be the day of direct action.
In Bengal, Bihar, Bombay, and other parts of India, there have been communal riots that have resulted in a great deal of bloodshed between Hindus and Muslims.
As a result of the Mountbatten policy, which was endorsed by both the Muslim League and the Congress, and led to the creation of two independent nations, lakhs of people were killed and crores became homeless.
2. Partition of India.
The Indian Congress strongly believed in the unity and integrity of India, but the communal riots between Hindus and Muslims led to the decision to split the country into two. The provinces of Western Punjab, Eastern Bengal, Sindh, and North Western Frontier became part of a new country called Pakistan. The partition had a significant impact on India’s economy, causing various economic problems. The jute and cotton mills continued to operate in India, while the wheat, rice, and other irrigated areas were now in Pakistan, resulting in severe food shortages in India.