Class 5 Health, Disease and Hygiene
Class 5 Health Disease and Hygiene , class 5 health and hygiene Chapter important notes for the students of CBSE / ICSE board.
The components of food
Body-building nutrients are proteins. Proteins are essential for the growth and repair of our cells. Proteins are found in pulses, eggs, meat, milk, and milk products.
Carbohydrates provide energy. Carbohydrate-rich foods include bread, rice, corn, potatoes, and corn syrup.
We get more energy from fat than from carbohydrates. Fats are found in meat, vegetable oil, milk, butter, cheese, ghee, cream, and dry foods.
We get minerals from fruits, vegetables, eggs, and fish, such as iron, calcium, and phosphorus. Minerals keep our bodies healthy and fit.
Vitamins keep our bodies healthy and fight diseases. They are found in fruits, green leafy vegetables, eggs, and fish.
Balanced diets provide our bodies with the nutrition they need to function properly. A balanced diet provides the right amount of nutrients. Maintaining health requires a balanced diet.
Diseases are of two types – non-communicable diseases and communicable diseases.
Diseases that are caused by deficiencies cannot be transmitted from person to person, therefore they are called noncommunicable diseases. Anaemia, night blindness, beriberi, scurvy, rickets, etc.
There are some diseases that can be transmitted from one person to another. These are called communicable diseases. Typhoid, malaria, cholera, and even the common cold are examples.
What are the ways in which communicable diseases spread?
- Direct contact
- By eating and drinking
- Through the air
- By means of animals and insects
- Through contaminated equipment
Prevention of Diseases: –
Germs and infectious diseases cannot spread through healthy habits.
Hands should be washed frequently.
Disinfect commonly used surfaces.
When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth
Do not touch wild animals.
When you’re sick, stay at home.
Effects of Over nutrition: –
The health of an individual is negatively affected by overeating. When a person consumes too much food, they are more likely to become obese, which can increase their risk of serious health conditions like cardiovascular disease, hypertension etc.
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