Essay on Reservation in India: The Pros and Cons

Last updated on September 18th, 2022 at 09:39 am

Essay on Reservation in India: The Pros and Cons


The reservation system in India was first implemented in the year of 1950. At the time, it was meant to allow underprivileged classes access to education and government jobs so that they could improve their economic condition and social standing through employment and financial stability.

Over the years, however, there have been many changes to the policies surrounding reservation, as well as debate on whether it has helped or hurt its original intentions. In this essay, we will examine the pros and cons of reservations in India and discuss if it should continue to be practiced in the future.

Introduction of Reservation

In India, reservation is the policy of providing certain groups with preferential treatment in education, employment, and politics. The groups that are typically given reservation are those that are considered to be socio-economically disadvantaged.

While the intention of the reservation is to uplift these groups, there is much debate over whether or not it is actually effective. In this essay, I will explore the pros and cons of reservations in India.


Positive Points

1. Reservation can help to achieve equality between different social groups.
2. It can help underprivileged groups to have access to education and jobs.
3. It can promote social cohesion by reducing feelings of discrimination and injustice.
4. It can help to preserve traditional cultures and languages.
5. It can increase the representation of underrepresented groups in politics and other important decision-making bodies.


Negative Points

1. Reservation can foster a sense of entitlement among those who benefit from it.
2. It can also lead to reverse discrimination, where members of the majority are unfairly disadvantaged.
3. Additionally, it can create divisions within society, as people belonging to different groups compete for scarce resources.
4. Moreover, reservation can be seen as a form of social engineering, which is not always successful or desirable.



In conclusion, reservation in India has its pros and cons. On the one hand, it is a way to help underprivileged groups get ahead. On the other hand, it can lead to nepotism and corruption. Ultimately, it is up to the individual to decide whether or not they support reservation.

Updated: September 18, 2022 — 9:39 am

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