GSEB Class 8 Cities,Cottage Industries and Industries of the British Period

GSEB Class 8 Cities,Cottage Industries and Industries of the British Period

Write the answers to the following questions in one sentence:

[Q] Name any three cities developed during British rule.

[A] Mumbai, madras[Chennai], and Calcutta[Kolkata] are developed during British rule.


[Q] Between which two cities in India did the first railway start?

[A] The first railway started from Mumbai to Thane in 1853 AD.


[Q] The construction of new Delhi started in which hilly area during British rule?

[A] Construction of new Delhi started in the Raisin hills area the south of old Delhi.


[Q] Where did the first textile mill start in India?

[A] The first textile mill started in India at Mumbai.


Answer the following questions:


[Q] Mention the condition of Indian industries at the beginning of British rule.

[A] With the onset of British rule, our traditional Indian industries such as cotton textiles, sculptures, and metallurgy, spices, etc. began to perish. The decline of the cottage industry began with the development of modern factories in England. India’s cotton and silk textile industries could not survive under the company regime. The British wanted to rule over more and more territories of India for the development of English industries. They considered India as a market and the company gained huge profit by getting cheap raw materials from India and selling them at higher prices in Europe.


[Q] Describe the development of India’s iron and steel industry after the first world war.

[A] After the first world war Jamshed Ji Tata established the first iron factory in sakchi[Jamshedpur].as soon as this factory was established, basic industries like iron and steel started in India


Write the correct option from the following options:


[Q] Who gave Mumbai island as a dowry to the British prince?

  • French
  • Portuguese
  • Mughals
  • Maratha

[Q] Fort William later developed as which city?

  • Delhi
  • Chennai
  • Mumbai
  • Kolkata

[Q] Which city was called the “Manchester of India”?

  • Ahmedabad
  • Nagpur
  • Solapur
  • Sangli

[Q] The establishment of which organization gave a new direction to the iron and steel industry in India

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