GSEB Class 8 India First War of Independence Notes
GSEB Class 8 India First War of Independence Notes | GSEB Class 8 Social Science Solutions Textbook Solutions for Gujarat Board students.
Write the answers to the following questions in one sentence:
- [Q] Who is considered to be the first martyr of the 1857 AD war of independence?
- [A] Mangal Pandey was the first martyr of the 1857 war of independence.
- [Q] Which policy was adopted by the British to break the Hindu-Muslim unity in India?
- [A] Divide and rule.
- [Q] Who put up tremendous resistance against the British in the Okhamandal region?
- [A] Jodha manek and mulu manek put up tremendous resistance to the British in dwarka, okhamandal region.
- [Q] Which places in Gujarat were associated with the war of independence of 1857 AD?
- [A] There were several cities associated with the war of independence of 1857 that included Ahmedabad, Lunawada, Patan, Anand, Dwarka, Okha, Vijapur, Kheralu, and Sabarkantha.
Write a short note on:
[Q] Economic reasons for the 1857 AD war of independence.
[A] In terms of economics, the British exploited India terribly, destroying its foreign trade. By adopting a policy of compulsory production of goods that were essential for them such as cotton, indigo, silk, etc., they create situations where cereals and pulses production decreases. The British destroyed many of India’s important trading centers during that time. Frequent droughts in India added to the suffering of the Indian people, and millions lost their lives due to food shortages. In addition, India’s craft industries, rural industries, and handicrafts were destroyed.
[Q] Reasons for the failure of the 1857 AD war of independence.
[A] There were many reasons responsible for the failure of this war of independence.
Lack of central leadership – The main reason for the failure of the 1857 Ad War of Independence was the lack of central leadership. The king and Jagirdars were not willing to obey orders and were indisciplined. The main leader Bahadur Shah was very old.
The military strength of the British: In 1857 AD, the British had better military equipment, a railway system, and a telegraph system than the leaders and soldiers of the war of independence. Using powerful generals, they quickly suppressed this struggle. Because of its strong naval force, the English navy was able to quickly bring in new troops from outside.
Other Reasons: There were many rulers who did not participate in war. Also, rulers of Hyderabad, Kashmir, Patiala, Indore, Gwalior, Vadodara, and Bhopal supported the British. The English government, educated people, and literary figures did not participate in this war of independence.
[Q] Lack of central leadership is the main reason for the failure of 1857 AD war of independence. Explain the statement.
The main reason for the failure of the 1857 Ad War of Independence was the lack of central leadership. The king and jagirdars were not willing to obey orders and were indisciplined. The main leader Bahadur Shah was very old. different leaders led the war of independence in different places.
[Q] Write a detailed note about the form of the war of independence of 1857 AD.
Different historians and scholars define the war of independence differently. The British call it a mutiny of soldiers, Indians call it a rebellion, and Disraeli, the Prince of England, calls it a political and religious conflict.
As per Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Pattabhi Sitaramaian, and Dr. Sen, this was India’s first war of independence. It can be said that the bravery shown by the kings, jagirdars, peasents, and tribals was a great source of inspiration for future Indian national movements.
Find the correct option from the following:
[Q] Which of the following is not a major center of the war of independence of 1857 AD.?
[Q] The person who merged many states into the British empire through the doctrine of lapse…