Chapter 6 Major landforms of the Earth

Major Landforms Of The Earth Class 6 Question Answers


Ncert Solutions For Class 6th Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of The Earth

Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of

  • Elevation
  • Slope
  • Aspect

Correct Answer – Elevation


(b) Glaciers are found in

  • The Mountains
  • The Plains
  • The Plateaus

Correct Answer – The Mountains


(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in

  • Kenya
  • Australia
  • India

Correct Answer – India


(d) The river Yangtze flows in

  • South America
  • Australia
  • China

Correct Answer – China


(e) An important mountain range of Europe is

  • The Andes
  • The Alps
  • The Rockies

Correct Answer – The Alps


Fill in the blanks.

  1. A ___________ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
  2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of _______________types of mountains.
  3. _____________ areas are rich in mineral deposits.
  4. The _________________ is a line of mountains.
  5. The ____________areas are most productive for farming.


Answers :-

  1. Plain
  2. Fold
  3. Plateau
  4. Range
  5. Plain

Answer the following questions briefly.


 What are the major landforms?

Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains are the three major landforms on Earth.


What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

A mountain is any natural elevation of the earth surface. A plateau is an elevated flat land.
It is considerably higher than the

surrounding area.

It is a flat-topped table land standing

above the surrounding area.

It is considerably higher than the

surrounding area.

A plateau may have one or more sides

with steep slopes.


What are the different types of mountains?

Mountains are classified into three types: Fold, Block, And Volcanic.


How are mountains useful to man?

Mountains are very useful. The mountains are a storehouse of water. Many rivers have their source in the glaciers in the mountains. Reservoirs are made and the water is harnessed for the use of people. Water from the mountains is also used for irrigation and the generation of hydroelectricity.


How are plains formed?

Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them. They carry forward the eroded material. Then they deposit their load consisting of stones, sand, and silt along with their courses and in their valleys. It is from these deposits that plains are formed.


Why are the river plains thickly populated?

Plains are generally very fertile. It is simple to build a transportation network.As a result, these plains are among the most densely populated areas.


Why are mountains thinly populated?

 Mountain areas have fewer people because of the harsh climate. Because the slopes are steep, there is less land available for farming.


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