Last updated on September 27th, 2022 at 01:12 pm

**Profit and Loss Questions for Class 5**

*Profit and Loss Questions for Class 5 by online-shiksha*

Define Terms:-

Cost Price – The price paid to the supplier or wholesale supplier by a shopkeeper is called the cost price, which includes all costs, such as transport repair work, etc.

Selling Price – The price at which the shopkeeper sells his products is called the selling price.

Profit:- To calculate profit, we have to put the selling price higher than the cost price and to calculate the profit.

**Formulae to calculate profit:-**

**Profit = Selling price – cost price**

If the cost price is higher than the selling price this means that you have a loss

**Formulae to calculate loss:-**

**Loss = Cost price – Selling price**

**Formulae to calculate profit percentage:-**

If you want to calculate the profit in percentage form then we use the formula

**Profit % = Profit / Cost price * 100**

**Formulae to calculate loss percentage:-**

If you want to calculate the loss in percentage form then we use the formula

**Loss % = Loss / Cost price * 100**

Also Read:-

5th Grade Science Practice Test for NSO

Class 5 Science Practice Test for Olympiad preparations

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**Profit and Loss Questions for Class 5**

- A fruit shopkeeper sold bananas at Rs. 30 per Dozen. If his cost price was Rs. 20, find his profit.

Solution:-

Selling price of 1 dozen bananas = Rs. 30

Cost Price of 1 dozen bananas = Rs. 20

As per formulae

**Profit = selling price (S.P.) – cost price (C.P.)**

Profit = 30 – 20 = 10

For 1 dozen Bananas the shopkeeper got a profit of Rs 10.

- Shanaya bought a DVD Player for rupees 1500.00 if the shopkeeper made a profit of rupees 250 then what is the cost price of DVD Player.

**Solution:-**

DVD Player cost = 1500

Profit made = 250

Formulae to calculate Cost Price:-