Pronouns in English Grammar – Types of Pronoun

Pronouns – What are Pronouns

Pronouns in English Grammar – Types of Pronoun

Pronouns definition – A pronoun is word ,which is used in place of a Noun.

For example – his,her,me,mine ,he ,she it etc.

Types of Pronoun

 A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. There are three groups of pronouns: first person, second person and third person.

               First Person, Second Person and Third Person

 The person who is speaking is called the first person. The one Spoken to be called the second person and the one spoken about is called the third person.

pronouns-what are pronouns
Image Credit-Vi.gomez by Common Wikimedia

 

 Here is a table to help you remember which pronouns to use.

  Subject Object
First person singular I Me
Second person singular You You
Third person singular He Him
  She Her
  It It
     
First person plural We Us
Second person plural You You
Third person plural They Them
     

                                    Personal pronouns

 The words I, you, he, she, it, we and they are called personal pronouns. They take the place of nouns and are used as the subject of the verb in a sentence.

Examples

  • My name is Shanaya. I am the youngest in the family.
  • This is my father. He is a teacher.
  • My mother is kind. Everybody likes her.
  • The words me, you, him, her, it, us and them are also personal pronouns. They also take the place of nouns.

                                             Reflexive Pronouns 

The words I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they are called reflexive pronouns.

 Examples

  • I made this cake myself.
  • We organized the party all by ourselves.
  • My brother built this computer himself.
  • John was looking at himself in the mirror.
  • The children cleaned their room all by themselves.

Here is a table to help you remember which reflexive pronoun to use with which personal pronoun.

Singular Personal Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun Plural Personal Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
I Myself We Ourselves
Me Myself Us Ourselves
You Yourself You Yourselves
He Himself They Themselves
Him Himself Them Themselves
She Herself    
Her Herself    
It Itself    
       

                                  Possessive Pronouns

 Possessive pronouns are used to talk about things that belong to people. The words mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs are possessive pronouns.

 Examples

  • This book is mine.
  • This pen is mine and that one is his.
  • The kids are yours and mine.

 Here is a table to help you remember which possessive pronoun to use with which personal pronoun.

Singular Personal Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Plural Personal Pronoun Possessive Pronoun
I , me Mine We , us Ours
You Yours You Yours
He , him His They , them Theirs
She , her Hers    

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are used for pointing out things. The words this, that, these and those are demonstrative pronouns.

                                                    Examples:- 

  • This is my desk. These are my pets.
  • That’s my mother’s car.
  • That was such an interesting experience.
  • These are nice-looking.
  • You’ll have to get your own pen. This is mine.

Interrogative Pronouns 

These are used to ask questions. The words who, whose, what, which and whom are examples of interrogative pronouns.

Examples

  • Who used all my paper?
  • Whose pen is this?
  • What is your brother’s name?
  • What do you want to be when you grow up?
  • Which of these desks is yours?
  • Whom did the President criticize? 

Indefinite Pronouns

An indefinite pronoun does not refer directly to any other word.most indefinite pronouns express the idea of quantity.

         
Anybody Anyone Anything Everybody Everyone
Everything Nobody No one Nothing Somebody
Someone Something Both Many Few
All Most None Some Each

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