The Northern Plains of India – Class 4
The Northern Plains Class 4 Questions and Answers | The Northern Plains Class 4 Worksheets | by Online Shiksha
How many rivers flow through the northern plains?
Many rivers such as Ganga, Brahmaputra, Indus and Satluj flows through these plains.
What is the other name of Northern Plain ?
Which soil is very fertile?
Alluvial soil is very fertile.
What is basin?
A place where river and its tributaries join is called basin.
What are the three basins of northern plains?
- The Satluj Basin in the west.
- The Ganga Basin in the middle.
- The Brahmaputra Basin in the east.
What is tributaries?
The main river is joined by several smaller rivers known as tributaries.
What is delta
Delta means an area of flat land shaped like a triangle.
A large mass of ice formed by snow on mountain moving slowly down the slopes is known as Glacier.
Why northern plains are called food bowl of India?
The Northern Plains are known as “India’s Food Bowl” because they are our country’s granary, producing more food than any other region.
What makes the northern plain so fertile?
Because of the alluvium brought down by Himalayan rivers such as the Ganga, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra, the northern plains are extremely fertile.
Which rivers make the biggest delta in the world?
Brahmaputra and ganga rivers form the biggest delta in the world. This delta is also called Sundarbans.
Explain Satluj basin?
The Satluj River flows south-west through Punjab before joining the Indus River in Pakistan. The Satluj River has been dammed by the Bhakra Nangal dam. It provides electricity as well as irrigation water. The Indira Gandhi Canal, which originates in the Satluj, supplies water to many dry areas of Rajasthan.
Explain the Ganga basin ?
The Ganga is the largest river in the northern plains. It comes from the Gangotri glacier. The Gandak, Ghagra, Kosi, and Gomti are some of its tributaries.
Explain the Brahmaputra basin?
The Brahmaputra is the longest of India’s three main rivers. It all begins in Tibet, where it is known as Tsangpo. It comes into India through the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
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Important Points of the Chapter
The Great Northern Plains in India are located to the north of the Southern Plateau (Deccan) and to the south of the Himalayan mountains. In the west, they extend to Punjab and in the east to Assam.
Several rivers flow through the Great Northern Plains, including the Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Gandak, Kosi, Ghaghra, etc.
Melting ice and snow on the Himalayan peaks feed the rivers flowing on the plains all year long.
As they flow downwards from the mountains, the Himalayan rivers carry large amounts of rocks, gravel, sand, and silt.
Gomati, Ghaghra, Gandak, and Kosi are tributaries of the Ganga.
Water flowing in rivers deposits sediment called alluvium.
There are three main basins in the Great Northern Plains: 1) The Satluj Basin 2) The Ganga Basin 3) The Brahmaputra Basin
Tibet is the source of the Satluj and Brahmaputra rivers.
From Arunachal Pradesh, the Brahmaputra enters India.