What is Fraction – Definition and Facts

Last updated on September 21st, 2022 at 03:09 pm

What is Fraction – Definition and facts


What is Fraction – Definition and Facts | In this you will learn about Definition, Types of Fraction, and Facts of Fractions…


When a one whole is divided into a number of equal parts

each part is called a fraction of the whole and gets a special name.

  • One fourth – ¼
  • One half – ½
  • One third – ⅓


In mathematics, a fraction represents a part of something or a collection of things as a whole.


A fractional number is written with two numbers upper and lower side separated by a line.




The numerator of a fraction is written above the dividing line; it tells us the number of parts chosen.



A fraction’s denominator is written below the dividing line. It tells us how many equal parts were made.


Let’s take an example 


If I cut a banana into 3 equal parts and ate 2 of them so what fraction of Banana did I eat?

Answer is –


Types of fractions:

Like Fractions: Fractions with same denominator is called like fractions.

Example: – 1/6, 3/6, 4/6. 5/6 is Like Fractions because all have a denominator of 6.


Unlike Fractions: Fractions with different denominators is called unlike fractions.

Example: – 2/5, 4/8, 4/6. 5/9 are unlike fractions because all have a different denominator.


Proper Fraction: A fraction in which numerator is less than its denominator is considered a proper fraction.

For ex: – 2/4, 4/8, 6/9


Improper Fraction: A fraction in which numerator is greater than its denominator is called an improper fraction.

For ex- 4/2, 8/4, 9/6


Mixed Fraction: A mixed fraction is a combination of a whole number and a proper fraction


Facts to Remember

  • The Parts of a Whole is Called Fractions.
  • Denominator of a Fraction Can Never Be Zero.
  • To Find the Fractional Part of a Number Multiplied a Number by The Numerator and Divide the Product by The Denominator.
  • Equivalent Fraction Represent the Same Part of the Whole Fraction.
  • Fractions having a value greater than 1 Whole are called Improper Fraction


Class 3 Fraction Questions on Fraction Mathematics

  1. Fractions with a numerator of 1 are called ____________.
  2. 2/5 of 100 is?…………………………….
  3. One fourth of 20 is = _____________ .
  4. In the fraction 8/20, the numerator is _____________.
  5. The fraction 10/10 written in the lowest term is _____________.
  6. Fractions with different denominators are called ______________.

Answers :-

  1. Unit fraction
  2. 40
  3. 5
  4. 8
  5. 1
  6. Unlike fraction



Updated: September 21, 2022 — 3:09 pm

Leave a Reply