Class 6 Chapter 1 The Earth in The Solar System

Chapter 1 The Earth in The Solar System

Class 6 Chapter 1 The Earth in The Solar System | Ncert Geography Book Class 6 Chapter 1 | Solar System For Class 6.

Answer the following questions briefly.

Q. How does a planet differ from a star?

 Some celestial bodies do not have their own heat. as well as light They are illuminated by starlight. Such bodies are called planets while stars have their own light.

Q. What is meant by the ‘Solar System’?

The solar system is made up of the sun, eight planets, moons, and other celestial bodies called asteroids and meteoroids. It is usually called the family of the sun, with the sun as the head of the family.

Q. Name all the planets according to their distance from the sun.

 In our solar system, there are eight planets. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are in order of their distance from the sun.

Q. Why is the Earth called a unique planet?

The earth is neither too hot nor too cold. It contains water and air, which are essential for our existence. The air contains important gases such as oxygen. For these reasons, Earth is a single planet in the solar system.

Q. Why do we see only one side of the moon always?

The moon moved around the earth in about 27 days, taking exactly the same time to complete one revolution. As a result, we can only see one side of the moon on the earth. 

Q. What is the Universe?

Planets, stars, galaxies, celestial bodies, gases, dust particles, light, and other objects make up the universe. It is considered an infinite space. We all belong to this universe 

Tick the correct answer.

(a) The planet is known as the “Earth’s Twin” is

  1. Jupiter
  2. Saturn
  3. Venus

Answer – Venus

 

(b) Which is the third nearest planet to the sun?

  1. Venus
  2. Earth
  3. Mercury

Answer – Earth

 

(c) All the planets move around the sun in a

  1. Circular path
  2. Rectangular path
  3. Elongated path

 Answer – Elongated path

 

(d) The Pole Star indicates the direction to the

  1. South 
  2. North
  3. East

Answer – North

 

(e) Asteroids are found between the orbits of

  1. Saturn and Jupiter
  2. Mars and Jupiter
  3. The Earth and Mars

Answer –  Mars and Jupiter

 

Fill in the blanks.

(a) A group of ________ forming various patterns is called a ________.

(b) A huge system of stars is called________.

(c) ________is the closest celestial body to our earth.

(d) ________is the third nearest planet to the sun.

(e) Planets do not have their own________ and ___________________.

  

Answers:

  1.   Stars, Constellation
  2.   Galaxy
  3.   Moon
  4.   Earth
  5.   Heat, Light.

 

Extra Questions and Answers:-

Q. What are Celestial bodies?

Celestial bodies include the sun, moon, and all other objects visible in the night sky.

Q. How did people use to decide directions at night with the aid of stars in ancient times?

People used to use stars to help them find their way around at night. The north star points in the direction of the north. It’s also known as the Pole Star. It stays in the same place in the sky at all times.

Q. Describe Sun?

The sun is in the center of the solar system. It is composed of a huge, very hot gas.  The Sun is the ultimate source of heat and light for our solar system. The sun is about 150 million kilometers away from the earth.

 

Q. Define asteroid?

There are stars, planets, and satellites, as well as many small objects that move around the  Sun. This object is called an asteroid.

 

Q. Define meteoroid?

A small rock sculpture that moves around the sun is called a meteoroid.

 

Chapter 1 The Earth in The Solar System

 

 

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