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GSEB Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 Solutions

Learn GSEB Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 Solutions Heritage of India Which includes Textbook exercises as well as important points from the chapter.


Answer the following questions in detail: –


(1) Give details of the Aryan and Dravidian race.

Aryan: The Aryans were a group of people who migrated to the Indian subcontinent around 1500 BCE from Central Asia. They were mainly pastoral and spoke an early form of Sanskrit. The Aryans settled in the northern regions of India and brought with them their language, culture, and religious practices. They contributed significantly to the development of Indian civilization.

Dravidian: The Dravidians were the indigenous people of India, primarily inhabiting the southern regions. They had a distinct language family, which includes languages like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam. The Dravidians were known for their advanced urban civilization, as seen in the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and later in the Southern Kingdoms like the Chola and Chera dynasties.


(2) Explain the meaning of culture and give its details.

Culture refers to the way of life of a group of people, encompassing their beliefs, customs, traditions, language, arts, and social institutions. It includes shared patterns of behavior, values, and norms that are learned and transmitted from generation to generation within a society. Culture shapes individuals’ identities and guides their interactions within their community and with others. It is dynamic and evolves over time through interactions and exchanges with different cultures.


(3) “Cultural Heritage of Gujarat” – Explain in detail.

Gujarat’s cultural heritage is rich and diverse, reflecting its historical and archaeological significance. It encompasses various aspects such as architecture, religion, festivals, and traditions.

Notable sites include Lothal, an ancient Indus Valley Civilization site; the Modhera Sun Temple, known for its intricate architecture; and Dwarkadhish Temple, a major pilgrimage destination.

Gujarat is home to vibrant festivals like the Kite Festival in Vadnagar, Tana-Riri Festival in Modhera, and Rannotsava in Kachchh, which celebrate the state’s cultural diversity.

The state also boasts historical landmarks like the victory tower of Vadnagar, Jama Masjid in Ahmedabad, and various sites associated with Jain and Buddhist heritage.

Gujarat’s cultural heritage reflects influences from different periods, including ancient civilizations, medieval dynasties, and colonial rule, making it a unique blend of traditions and practices.


Answer the following questions pointwise: –


(1) Explain our constitutional duties for preservation and conservation of Heritage.

A- Constitutional Duties for Preservation and Conservation of Heritage:

  • Article 51(A) of the Indian Constitution outlines fundamental duties for citizens.
  • Duty to preserve our heritage is specified in clauses (6), (7), and (9) of Article 51(A).
  • Citizens are required to understand the importance of preserving cultural harmony and prosperity.
  • Responsibilities include maintaining forests, rivers, ponds, and wildlife while showing compassion for all living creatures.
  • Protection of public property and renunciation of violence are integral parts of these duties.


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