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GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 11 Indian Judiciary

GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 11 Indian Judiciary Solutions


Learn GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 11 Indian Judiciary Solutions Which includes Textbook exercises as well as additional question answers.

Answer the following questions in short:

(1) State the required qualifications for being appointed as the Judge of the Supreme Court.
Answer: Qualifications for a Supreme Court judge include being a citizen of India, having served as a High Court judge for at least 5 years, or having 10 years of experience as an advocate in a High Court, being a distinguished jurist, or being recommended by the President. Additionally, the candidate should not be over 65 years of age.


(2) State the powers under the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Answer: The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Government of India and one or more states, between states themselves, and to adjudicate on matters concerning the interpretation of the Constitution and fundamental rights. It also has the authority to issue writs to enforce fundamental rights.


(3) Describe matters that are out of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Answer: The Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction over disputes related to the distribution of river waters between states. These are settled by separate Water Tribunals.


(4) Explain the process of impeachment.
Answer: Impeachment is the process by which a judge can be removed from office. It involves a motion being submitted in Parliament, supported by a majority of members, and at least two-thirds of the members present and voting. The President then issues an order for removal based on the findings of an investigation conducted by Parliament.


(5) Describe the powers of the High Court in criminal cases.
Answer: High Courts have appellate jurisdiction over criminal cases, meaning they can hear appeals against judgments of lower courts. They can also exercise original jurisdiction in cases such as contempt of court and have administrative jurisdiction to supervise the functioning of subordinate courts.


(6) State the required qualifications of the judge of the High Court.
Answer: Qualifications include being a citizen of India, having at least 10 years of experience as a judicial officer in lower courts, or 10 years of practice as an advocate in the High Court. Additionally, the candidate should be below 62 years of age.


(7) Name the various subordinate courts.
Answer: Subordinate courts include District Courts, Taluka Courts, Fast Track Courts, POTA Courts, Tribunals, Small Cause Courts, Family Courts, Revenue Courts, and various specialized courts for specific matters.


Explain the following statements :

(1) Judiciary is the foundation of democracy.
Answer: The judiciary ensures the rule of law, protects individual rights, and upholds the Constitution, thereby safeguarding democracy from abuse of power by the executive and legislative branches.


(2) The Supreme Court is the protector and guardian of the Constitution and citizens.
Answer: The Supreme Court interprets the Constitution, ensures its supremacy, and safeguards the fundamental rights of citizens through its judgments and decisions.


(3) The High Court occupies a key position.
Answer: High Courts serve as apex courts at the state level, exercising both original and appellate jurisdiction. They supervise lower courts, ensuring uniformity and fairness in the administration of justice.


(4) Lok Adalats have become a center of attraction.
Answer: Lok Adalats provide speedy and economical resolution of disputes through mediation and conciliation, attracting attention for their effectiveness in delivering justice.


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