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GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 12 Indian Democracy

Learn GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 12 Indian Democracy Solutions Which includes Textbook exercises as well as additional question answers.

 

1.Answer the following questions in short:

(1) At what age one gets a right to vote?
(1) At the age of 18.

 

(2) Which media are used to cultivate public opinion?
(2) Print media, electronic media, and internet.

 

(3) Which national and regional political parties are active in India?
(3) National parties: Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Regional parties: Shiv Sena, Trinamool Congress, Samajwadi Party (SP), etc.

 

2.Explain giving reasons:

 

(1) A voter is a life line of a democracy.
(1) A voter is the lifeline of a democracy because they hold the power to elect representatives who govern on their behalf. Without active participation from voters, democracy cannot function effectively.

 

(2) Parliamentary democracy is unique and important.
(2) Parliamentary democracy is unique and important because it ensures accountability of the government to the legislature, facilitating efficient decision-making and representation of diverse interests.

 

(3) Information broadcasting media are highly effective in cultivating public opinion.
(3) Information broadcasting media are highly effective in cultivating public opinion because they have wide reach and can disseminate information quickly, influencing public perception and shaping discourse.

 

3.Write short notes on:

(1) Types of political parties
Political parties are classified into national and regional parties based on their electoral performance in major states. They play a crucial role in representing diverse interests and ideologies within a democratic system.

 

(2) Voter and Government
Voters elect representatives to form the government through democratic elections. The government, in turn, is responsible for governing the country and addressing the needs and concerns of its citizens.

 

(3) Election Commission and political parties
The Election Commission is responsible for administering free and fair elections in India. It regulates the conduct of political parties during elections and ensures compliance with electoral laws and regulations.

 

4.Distinguish between :

(1) National party and Regional party
National party: Secures more than 4% of the total votes in multiple states during general elections.
Regional party: Primarily operates within a specific region or state, with limited electoral influence beyond that area.

 

(2) Parliamentary Democracy and Presidential Democracy
Parliamentary Democracy: Executive power is vested in the elected parliament, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Presidential Democracy: Executive power is separate from the legislature, with the President serving as both head of state and head of government.

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