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GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 8 Solutions

Learn GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 8 Framing of Constitution and its Features Solutions Which includes Textbook exercises as well as additional question answers.

1.Answer the following questions in brief :

(1) Which ideals are stated in the Preamble of Indian Constitution?
The ideals stated in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution are sovereignty, socialism, secularism, democracy, republic, justice, liberty, fraternity, and equality. These ideals reflect the goals and values of the Constitution.


(2) What is Adult Suffrage?
Adult Suffrage means that all adults above a certain age, typically 18 years old, have the right to vote in elections. It ensures that every citizen has a say in choosing their representatives in the government, regardless of their social or economic status.


(3) Indian Constitution is federal-discuss.
The Indian Constitution is federal, meaning it divides powers between a central government and state governments. While the central government has authority over matters of national importance, state governments have autonomy over local affairs. This division of power helps accommodate India’s diverse population and regional differences.


(4) State the characteristics of Parliamentary Government.
Characteristics of Parliamentary Government include having a Prime Minister and Cabinet responsible to the Legislature, with the majority party or coalition forming the government. The executive and legislative branches are interconnected, and the government’s stability depends on the support of the majority in the legislature.


(5) What is Unified Judicial System?
Unified Judicial System refers to a single system of courts with the Supreme Court at the top, followed by High Courts at the state level, and lower courts below them. Decisions made by higher courts are binding on lower courts, ensuring consistency and fairness in the application of law throughout the country.


(6) Explain the provisions for Constitutional Amendments.
Provisions for Constitutional Amendments allow changes to be made to the Constitution when necessary. Amendments can be made through various procedures, such as a simple majority in Parliament for most matters, while certain amendments require special majorities or the consent of a certain number of states. This flexibility ensures that the Constitution can adapt to changing circumstances while also safeguarding its basic principles.


(7) Political equality is incomplete without social and economic equality discuss.
Political equality, where every citizen has equal rights and opportunities in politics, is incomplete without social and economic equality. Social and economic equality ensure that all citizens have equal access to resources, opportunities, and benefits, which are essential for realizing true political equality. Without addressing social and economic inequalities, political equality may remain elusive for many citizens.


2.Explain the statements :

(1) Preamble is an extract of Indian Constitution.
The Preamble is like a summary or a condensed version of the Indian Constitution. It captures the essence and fundamental values of the Constitution in a concise manner.


(2) Preamble is the key to understanding of the amendments of the Constitution.
The Preamble provides important guiding principles that help in interpreting and understanding the amendments made to the Constitution over time. It serves as a reference point for evaluating the changes made to the Constitution.


(3) Preamble serves as compass.
The Preamble acts as a compass because it provides direction and guidance for understanding the fundamental objectives and principles of the Constitution. It helps in navigating through the various provisions and principles outlined in the Constitution.


(4) Indian Constitution is the inclusion of federal unitary.
The Indian Constitution combines elements of both federalism and unitarism. It establishes a federal structure where power is divided between the central government and state governments, while also incorporating unitary features where the central government holds significant authority.


(5) India is a secular country.
India is a secular country, which means that it does not favor any particular religion and ensures equal treatment and freedom of religion for all its citizens. The state remains neutral in religious matters and does not interfere with religious practices.


(6) India is a democratic republic country.
India is a democratic republic country, meaning that it is governed by elected representatives chosen by the people through democratic processes. The head of state is a president elected by an electoral college, and the government is accountable to the people.


(7) India is integral and indivisible federation.
India is considered an integral and indivisible federation, indicating that it is a unified nation without any provision for states to secede. The Constitution emphasizes the unity and integrity of India as a single sovereign entity.


(8) Constitution of India is the most extensive and detailed written document in the world.
The Constitution of India is recognized as the most extensive and detailed written document globally. It contains a comprehensive framework for governance, comprising numerous articles, schedules, and appendices, making it one of the most elaborate constitutions in the world.


3. Explain the below given terminology of words :

Dual Citizenship:
Dual citizenship refers to a legal status in which a person is recognized as a citizen of two countries simultaneously. This means they have legal rights and obligations in both countries, such as the right to vote and the duty to pay taxes.

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