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GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 9 Solutions

Learn GSEB Class 9 Social Science Chapter 9 Fundamental Rights-Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of state Policy Solutions Which includes Textbook exercises as well as additional question answers.

1.Answer the following questions given below :

(1) Write in brief about Fundamental Rights being incorporated in the Constitution.

Fundamental Rights are essential for everyone’s development. There are six of them in our Constitution:

Right to Equality: Everyone is equal before the law. No discrimination based on caste, sex, race, religion, or place of birth is allowed.

Right to Freedom: We have the freedom of speech, assembly, association, movement, residence, and profession. But these freedoms come with some restrictions to maintain social order.

Rights against Exploitation: Protects against exploitation in various forms such as forced labor, low wages, and child labor.

Right to Freedom of Religion: Everyone has the right to practice, profess, and propagate their religion, but it should not disrupt public order or morality.

Cultural and Educational Rights: Allows individuals to preserve their culture and receive education in their language and religion. Minority groups have the right to establish and administer educational institutions.

Right to Constitutional Remedies: Provides the right to approach the court if Fundamental Rights are violated. Courts can issue writs to ensure justice.


(2) Describe the importance of Directive Principles of State Policy.

The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are guidelines for the states and union on how to govern the state properly. They show the kind of nation and society we want to create and aim to achieve political, social, and economic democracy. These principles incorporate rights needed for overall human development and are divided into different sections to fulfill this goal.


(3) Explain the importance of Fundamental Rights.

Fundamental Rights are very important. They let people live with respect and dignity. These rights are written in our Constitution, so they are protected by law. In a democratic country, everyone has equal rights. These rights give people the freedom to express themselves without being treated unfairly. The government and the Constitution make sure that these rights are protected. Fundamental Rights also protect people from being taken advantage of. They give people freedoms like speaking freely, moving around the country, practicing any religion, and more. These rights also help people keep their culture alive. Every citizen has the right to get an education, work in a clean and safe place, and go to public places like parks and theaters. If someone’s rights are not respected, they can go to court for help. So, Fundamental Rights are very important for a country and its people to grow, develop, and be happy.


(4) What is reasonable control and limitation?
Our Constitution gives six freedoms to all Indians, but we must remember that we live in a society, so there are some rules to follow. These freedoms come with certain restrictions to maintain social order. The Constitution has some rules to ensure specific purposes are met. For example, there are rules about maintaining public order, national unity, and respecting the law. While we have the freedom to speak and express ourselves, the government can stop us from saying things that cause harm or create hate between people.


(5) Write about Preventive Detention.
Preventive detention is when the government stops someone from possibly committing a crime. If they suspect someone might harm society, they can arrest them for a while. The person isn’t punished but kept away to prevent harm. They don’t have to be brought to court immediately. The detention can only last for three months, and then a review board looks at the case. The detention can be canceled by a judge or the advisory board. The state decides how long the detention lasts.


(6) Mention Fundamental duties as mentioned in the Constitution

Here are the basic duties listed in our Constitution:

  • Respect the Constitution, National Flag, and National Anthem.
  • Follow the ideals of our freedom struggle.
  • Protect the unity and integrity of India.
  • Defend the country and serve when needed.
  • Foster unity among all people and oppose practices that degrade women.
  • Preserve our diverse culture.
  • Protect the environment and show kindness to animals.
  • Protect public property and avoid violence.
  • Support scientific progress, humanism, and reform.
  • Strive for excellence in all activities.
  • Ensure education for children aged six to fourteen.


(7) Mention the rights under Minority Provision.

Cultural and Educational Rights:

  • These rights protect the interests of cultural, linguistic, and religious minorities, ensuring they can preserve their heritage and are not discriminated against.
  • Under these rights, anyone can join educational institutions without facing discrimination based on religion, caste, creed, or language.
  • Minority groups have the right to run their own educational institutions, as long as they’re listed in the Constitution.
  • Discrimination based on religion, race, caste, or language for admission into state-supported educational institutions is not allowed.
  • The state can set rules for educational standards, employee conditions, fees, and the use of aid.
  • Every group with its own language and culture has the right to preserve and develop it, protecting minorities from having external cultures forced upon them by the state.


3.Give reasons to the following statements :

(1) One can go to the court of law to seek protection against violation of Fundamental right.

The Constitution gives Indians important rights. These rights are very important for people to grow and be safe. Nobody can take these rights away. If someone does, people can go to court to get help and protect their rights.


(2) Right to Constitutional remedies is like the ‘Constitutional Soul’.

The Right to Constitutional Remedies is a very important part of the Constitution. It lets citizens go to court if they lose any of their important rights. The court listens to their problems and helps them. This right is called the ‘Soul of the Constitution’ because it lets citizens fight for any right they lose.


(3) Freedom cannot be unlimited or absolute.

Our Constitution gives six freedoms to all Indians, but we live in a society where we need to keep things in order. So, while people have these freedoms, there are rules to follow. We can’t have unlimited freedom because it could cause problems like threats to public order, national unity, and more. Putting limits on freedom keeps everyone safe and maintains peace in the nation.

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