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Class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of The Earth

Last updated on September 18th, 2023 at 12:12 am

Chapter 5 Major Domains of The Earth


Answer the following questions briefly.


What are the four major domains of the earth?

The lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are the four major domains of the earth.


Name the major continents of the earth.

There are seven continents in all. Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica are the continents.


Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.

Australia and Antarctica are the only two continents lie in the Southern Hemisphere.


Name the different layers of atmosphere.

Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere are the various layers of the atmosphere.


Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?

Since water covers more than 71 percent of the earth and land covers just 29 percent, the earth is known as the blue planet.



Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?

The Northern Hemisphere is known as the Land Hemisphere because it contains the majority of the Earth’s landmass.


Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

The biosphere is the narrow zone where land, water, and air meet. Life exists in this area, which is unique on earth. All living organisms, including humans, are interconnected and connected to the biosphere to survive.


Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

  1. The Andes
  2. The Himalayas
  3. The Urals

Correct Answers – The Urals


(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by

  1. An Isthmus
  2. A Strait
  3. A Canal

Correct answers – An Isthmus


(c) The major constituent of atmosphere by percent is

  1. Nitrogen
  2. Oxygen
  3. Carbon dioxide

Correct answers – Nitrogen


(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is

  1. The Atmosphere
  2. The Hydrosphere
  3. The Lithosphere

Correct answers – The Lithosphere


(e) Which is the largest continent?

  1. Africa
  2. Asia
  3. Australia

correct answers Asia


Fill in the blanks.


  1. The deepest point on the earth is _____________ in the Pacific Ocean.
  2. The _____________ Ocean is named after a country.
  3. The _____________ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.
  4. The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as ____________.
  5. The highest mountain peak on the earth is _____________.

Answers :-

  1. Mariana Trench  [greatest depth of 11,022 metres is recorded at Mariana Trench]
  2. Indian
  3. Biosphere
  4. Eurasia (Europe + Asia)[ combined landmass of Europe and Asia]
  5. Mount Everest


Class 6 Major Domains of the Earth Extra Question Answer


Q: What is the term for the gaseous layers that surround the Earth?

A: The gaseous layers that surround the Earth are called the Atmosphere.


Q: What term is used to describe the huge bodies of water on Earth?

A: The huge bodies of water on Earth are called ocean .


Q: From what point is the elevation of land measured?

A: The elevation of land is measured from the level of the sea, which is considered as zero.


Q: Where is the greatest depth on Earth recorded?

A: The greatest depth on Earth is recorded at Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, measuring ,11,022 meters.


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