Class 6th Geography Our Country India
Class 6th Geography Our Country India Answer the following questions briefly.
Name the major physical divisions of India.
Mountains, plateaus, plains, coasts, and islands are the major physical divisions of India.
India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Pakistan, Nepal, and Myanmar share land borders with India.
Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?
The two major rivers that flow into the Arabian Sea are the Narmada and Tapi.
Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
The Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers join to form the Sundarbans delta.
How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
India has 29 states and 7 union territories. The states of Haryana and Punjab share a capital city, Chandigarh.
Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?
The northern plains have alluvial deposits left by rivers such as the Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra, as well as their tributaries. These river plains are rich in agricultural land. This is the reason for the high population size in these plains.
Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
Lakshdweep island is known as coral island because it is made of coral, which are the skeletons of tiny marine animals known as polyps. When living polyps die, new polyps form on top of their hard skeletons. They grow higher and higher and thus form coral islands.
Tick the correct answers.
(a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as
Correct Answers – Shiwaliks
(b) Sahyadris is also known as
- Western Ghats
Correct Answers – Western Ghats
(c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries
- Sri Lanka and Maldives
- India and Sri Lanka
- India and Maldives
Correct Answers – India and Sri Lanka
(d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Lakshadweep Islands
Correct Answers – Lakshadweep Islands
(e) The oldest mountain range in India is the
- Aravali hills
- Western ghats
Correct Answers – Aravali hills
Fill in the blanks.
(a) India has an area of about ________________.
(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as_________________.
(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is__________________.
(d) The river Narmada falls into the __________________ sea.
(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ___________.
- 3.28 million sq. km.
- Arabian Sea
- Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country
Some Important Points
- The peninsula is a piece of land surrounded on three sides by water.
- India is located in the northern hemisphere. The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country.
- In the east (Arunachal Pradesh), the sun rises about two hours earlier than in the west (Gujarat)
- Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Palk Strait.
- Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in terms of area.
- The Himalayan mountains are divided into threemain parallel ranges. The northernmost is the Great Himalaya or Himadri. The world’s highest peaks are located in this range. Middle imalaya or Himachal lies to the south of Himadri. The Shiwalik is the southernmost range.
- The Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta, the Sundarbans delta. The delta is triangular in shape.
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- Chapter 5 Major Domains of The Earth
- Chapter 4 – Maps
- Chapter 3 Motions of the Earth
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