Adjectives in English Grammar

Adjectives in English Grammar : –

Adjective is a word that describes the nouns and pronoun.

 

For Example

Himanshu is a good boy 

Shantanu is poor but honest

America is a powerful country

In first sentence the word good tells that how is Himanshu

In second sentence the word poor and honest shows that what kind of person is Shantanu.

The word “powerful” shows that, how the country America is.

All these words describe the nouns how they are so they are called describing words and describing words are also called adjectives.

 

Types of Adjectives: –

  • Adjectives of quality
  • Adjective of quantity
  • Demonstrative adjectives
  • Interrogative adjective
  • Possessive adjectives

 

Adjectives of quality

Words that describe the quality of a noun are known as adjectives of quality

For example: – poor, honest, good, powerful, old and sad 

The cow is a useful animal.

 

Adjective of quantity

Words that describe the question how many or how much are called adjectives of quantity

For Example: – 20 balls, 10 oranges and little milk etc.

Cricket team has eleven players

 

Exercise: – Find the adjective of quality in below sentences

  1. The cow is a useful animal.
  2. The girl is sad.
  3. Shanaya is a good girl.
  4. Sweetie is an adorable baby.
  5. He was an honest man .
  6. Shanaya is the best student in the class .

Answers:

Adjective
useful
sad
good
adorable
honest
best

Adjective of quantity

Words that describe the question how many or how much are called adjectives of quantity

For Example :- 20 balls, 10 oranges and little milk etc.

Exercise: – Find the adjective of quality in below sentences

  1. There are twenty girls in a class
  2. Cricket team has eleven players
  3. There is a little sugar in the coffee
  4. My mom give me some mangoes 
  5. The bucket is full of water.
  6. There are two bicycles in my house.

 

Answers
Twenty
Eleven
Little
Some
Full
two

 

Demonstrative adjectives

A demonstrative adjective is a type of adjective that expresses the position of a noun or pronoun.

That is my book – that is a demonstrative adjective.

Interrogative adjective

An interrogative adjective is a word that modifies a noun by asking a question

Examples are – what, whose, where etc.

What is the name of largest ocean?

 

Degrees of adjectives

Degrees of comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another. 

There are three degrees of comparison in English. 

1. Positive degree. 

2. Comparative degree. 

3. Superlative degree. 

Positive Comparative Superlative
Happy Happier Happiest
Wide Wider Widest
beautiful More beautiful Most beautiful
Brave Braver Bravest
Tall Taller Tallest
Tiny Tinier Tiniest
Many More Most
Good Better Best
Bad Worse Worst
Little Less Least
Busy Busier Busiest
Bright Brighter Brightest
Young Younger Youngest
Bold Bolder Boldest
Clever Cleverer Cleverest
Cold Colder Coldest
Fine Finer Finest
Large Larger Largest
Nice Nicer Nicest
Costly Costlier Costliest
Easy Easier Easiest
Useful More useful Most useful
Comfortable More comfortable Most comfortable
Dangerous More dangerous Most dangerous

Adjectives and its types in English Grammar

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