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By Savita S. More

Essay on Indian Festivals

Last updated on June 26th, 2023 at 09:53 pm

List of Indian Festivals 


List of Indian Festivals – In India, we celebrate different types of festivals. In India festivals are mainly of three types; these are National days, Religious festivals, and Harvest festivals.

  • National Festivals

  • Religious Festivals

  • Harvest Festivals

National Festivals: –

National festivals in India are celebrated all over the country as these days are very important for all Indian citizens.

The three national days celebrated in India are Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti



Independence Day [15th August]: –

We celebrate our Independence Day on the 15th of august. We celebrate this day because India won its independence from the British on 15th august 1947. 

Every year on this day a grand celebration is held at Red Fort in New Delhi. The Prime Minister hoists the National Flag and gives the speech.



Republic day [26 January]: –

On 26 January we celebrate our republic day, a grand parade is held at Rajpath in New Delhi. Children from so many schools take part in the parade.



Gandhi Jayanti [2nd October]: –

Everyone knows about Mahatma Gandhi he fought for freedom from the British for our country that’s why we also call him the father of the nation. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October and this day is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti.

A function is held at his Samadhi at raj ghat in New Delhi. All the big officials offer prayers at the Samadhi.



Religious festivals: –

Religious festivals are celebrated all over the country people belonging to different religions have their own festivals.



Deepawali: –

Deepawali is called the festival of lights; people decorate their houses with candles, diyas, and electric lights. On this day women also make a floor pattern called rangoli at the main door and the goddess of wealth Lakshmi ji is worshipped.People wear new clothes and eat sweets as well as burst crackers.



Holi: –

Holi is called the festival of colors on this day people throw colored powder called gulal on each other.



Dussehra: –

Dussehra celebrates the victory of good over evil. On this day the God Ram killed Ravan [a ten-headed demon king]. At this time people worship Durga Maa for 9 days, this Is celebrated as Durga Puja in West Bengal and some other states.



Guru Parab:-

It is the festival of the gurus mainly celebrated by the Sikhs. On this day people go to gurudwara and offer prayers, Langar can be organized where free meals are given to all. The holy book Guru Granth Sahib is read by the guru on this day and a huge celebration is organized at a golden temple in Amritsar.



Eid ul Fitr: –

It is celebrated at the end of the long fasting month called Ramzan. People do namaz at mosques. On this day people wear new clothes and wish each other Eid Mubarak. Special dish sewain is made on this day.



Christmas: –

Every year on 25th December Christmas is celebrated as the birthday of Jesus Christ. On 24 December midnight prayers take place in churches Christmas trees are decorated and cakes are specially made. Children love to receive gifts from Santa Claus.



Navroz: –

Parsi new year is celebrated on this day it is celebrated on 21st March.



Harvest festivals: –


Harvest is the time when crops are ready for cutting. Harvest festivals are celebrated in all the states.




it is a harvest festival of Assam. On this day the women wear traditional Assamese clothes and perform special Bihu songs and dances.



Pongal: –

It is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu.Pongal is a dish specially made with rice and jaggery in milk on this day rangoli also called columns are made to decorate their houses.



Onam: –

It is the harvest festival of Kerala it is also called the festival of flowers. On this day the people from Kerala wear new clothes and eat a special food called Onam sadya. Boat races are held on this day.



Baisakhi: –

It is the harvest festival of north India, especially in Punjab. On this day the man performs bhangra on those and the women do giddha dance.


Also Read :-

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