Chapter 4 – Maps

NCERT Class 6 geography chapter 4 question answers


Answer the following questions briefly.


What are the three components of a map?

Distance, Direction, and Symbol are the three components of a map.


What are the four cardinal directions?

North, south, east, and west are the four directions. They are known as cardinal points/directions.


What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

The scale is defined as the ratio of the actual distance on the ground to the distance shown on the map.


How are maps more helpful than a globe?

When we want to study the earth as a whole, we can use a globe. However, when we only want to study a portion of the earth, maps are more useful because they can represent the entire earth’s surface or a portion of it.


Distinguish between a map and a plan.

A map is a representation or drawing of the earth’s surface or a portion of it drawn on a flat surface to scale, while A plan is a large-scale drawing of a small area. A large-scale map contains a lot of information.


Which map provides detailed information?

Large scale maps contain a lot of information.


How do symbols help in reading maps?

It is the map’s third most important component. It is not possible to draw the exact shape and size of various features such as buildings, roads, bridges, trees, railway lines, or a well on a map. As a result, they are represented by specific letters, shades, colours, pictures, and lines. These symbols convey a lot of information in a small amount of space. Maps can be drawn quickly and easily using these symbols, and they are easy to read.


Tick the correct answers.

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are

  1. Physical map
  2. Thematic Map
  3. Political map

Correct Answers – Thematic Map


(b) The blue colour is used for showing

  1. Water bodies
  2. Mountains
  3. Plains

Correct Answers – Water Bodies


(c) A compass is used –

  1. To show symbols
  2. To find the main direction
  3. To measure distance

Correct Answers – To Find The Main Direction


(d) A scale is necessary

  1. For a map
  2. For a sketch
  3. For symbols

Correct Answers – For A Map

Maps Class 6 Extra Questions


What is the definition of a physical map?

Physical or relief maps represent natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, and oceans.


What is a political map?

Political maps represent cities, towns, and villages, as well as various countries and states around the world and their boundaries.


What is a thematic map?

Thematic maps are maps that focus on specific information, such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps that show the distribution of forests, industries, and so on.


Difference between large scale map and small scale map ?

  • When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then we use a small scale. For example 5 cm. on the map shows 500 km. of the ground. It is called a small scale map.
  • When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale that is 5 cm. on the map shows 500 metres only on the ground.It is called a large scale map.
  • Large scale maps give more information than small scale maps.


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