GSEB Class 8 British Rule in India 1757 AD to 1857 AD

GSEB Class 8 British Rule in India

 

GSEB Class 8 British Rule in India 1757 AD to 1857 AD | GSEB Class 8 Social Science Solutions | Question and Answers for Gujarat Board Kids..

 

Find the Correct option from the following options and write the answer:

How many practices were there for indigo production in India?

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Infinite

 

In which two provinces was the ryotwari system introduced in 1820 AD.

  • Calcutta and Mumbai
  • Mumbai and Madras
  • Delhi and Calcutta
  • Calcutta and Madras

 

Which tribe lives around Hazaribagh in the present Jharkhand?

  • Munda
  • Kol
  • Santhal
  • Koya

 

Under whose leadership did the tribal want to establish mundaraj?

  • Birsa munda
  • Thakkarbapa
  • Jugatram dave
  • None of these

 

Write the answers to the following questions in one sentence:

 

Who was made the Nawab of Bengal by the British after removing Mir Jafar?

Mir Kasim will become the Nawab of Bengal after Mir Jafar.

 

During the time of which governor was the permanent settlement introduced in India?

In 1793 AD, when Cornwallis was the governor general permanent settlement introduced to India.

 

The victory of which war gave the British the power to collect revenue in Bengal?

Battle of Buxar

 

Who introduced Ryotwari system?

Ryotwari system was introduced by Thomas Munro.

 

 

 

Write the answers of the following questions:

 

How were farmers exploited in the permanent settlement system?

According to this system, the landlord had the right to own the land and land revenue. The landlord handed over nine out of ten parts of the land revenue to the government and kept the tenth part as remuneration. Using this method exploited the farmers because they had to give the fixed revenue to the landlord, and landlords anyway collected revenue and oppressed them. As per the contract, landlords had to deposit a fixed amount every year to the government, which meant there was a permanent settlement in favor of the landlords.

 

What was the condition of agriculture in India in the eighteenth century?

The East India Company’s primary objective was to procure items from India that were in demand in Europe. Company officials wished to establish a monopoly in India’s agricultural markets. Since agriculture products were among the essential items exported to England, the company tried to commercialize agriculture in India

 

Why was the demand for Indian indigo increased in the European countries?

Indigo was used in dyeing, and its color was used to shine brightly on cloth in contrast to other types of indigo. Indigo was imported by European countries from Caribbean countries until 1790 AD, but as its production decreased, demand for Indian indigo increased.

 

Describe the activities of the tribes during British rule.

Tribal people were associated with animal husbandry. They hunted in groups and gathered fruits, tuberous roots, medicines, and herbs from the forests. Items obtained from the forests were equally divided among them and sold at local markets. Tribal groups were also engaged in agriculture.

 

Write a short note on

Birsa Munda

Ryotwari system

Mahalwari system

 

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